DEVELOPMENT AND FOOD SECURITY PROJECT: A ROAD MAP TO
COST RECOVERY MECHANICAL RICE/CORN
CULTIVATION IN THE BOLILANDS (FLOOD PLAINS) AND BATILANDS (SUBMERGED
REVARIANS) OF SIERRA LEONE
Sierra Leone is an agrarian economy but food production
remains traditional and subsistence in character,
incapable of satisfying the food requirements of the
nation by a wide margin, and of improving the living
standards of the broad mass of people (some 60 to 70 per
cent of the population) who are employed in that sector.
In the eastern and south-eastern part of the country
where export crops of coffee and cocoa are under
rehabilitation in the post conflict transition period,
income levels and productivity are much higher than
average for the sector. It is in the food-crop
sub-sector that poverty is pervasive and this must be
modernised if the country is to break away from its
present state of deprivation.
A combination of factors was responsible for the
difficulties that plagued the economy and society in the
post conflict period (1991-2002). These factors can be
categorised as poor governance, inappropriate social and
Nonetheless, Sierra Leone is well endowed with human and
natural resources. The population of about 5.2 million
in 2004 is growing at 2.8 per cent per annum. One of the
striking features of the population is its youthfulness.
The proportion under 15 years is estimated at 45 percent
and those less than 50 years at 68 percent. Thus, the
human resource base is enormous and provides the impetus
and urgency for socio-economic development. However,
massive unemployment, underemployment, and chronic
poverty depict the Sierra Leone situation. Yet sizeable
potential exists for the development of agriculture and
the agro-based industries, which is the inspiring vision
of this project in the rice bowls of the country
Senehun-Gbo bolis in Moyamba and Bo Districts, Gbondapi
Bati in Pujehun and Torma Bun Bati in Bo District).
Retrospectively, impressive results can be achieved
within a short period through intensification of
increased food production in these ecologies with the
use of modern mechanical cultivation and adequate food
processing, storage and marketing in the changing needs
of the farming population in the south-eastern Bolilands
of the country.
STRATEGIES TO BE PURSUED
underlying inspiring vision of this project is to
promote sustained growth of agricultural output, food
security and the reduction of poverty. by involving the
community in providing a Million Meal per year for the
needy and still generate sufficient incomes for the
farmers. The key elements of the strategy therefore,
comprise agricultural development in the Bolilands and
Batilands of Southern Sierra Leone, especially, the
modern mechanical rice, cassava, corn cultivation and
other food crops.
The project culture focuses on opportunities to expand
and diversify improved rice production, generates
employment and improves poor people’s access to rice
grains and seed rice, the staple food of the country.
In support of these strategies, action would be needed
to maintain good policies at the local level, and
incentives for target community and partners in the
joint management initiative, thus, developing
infrastructure; strengthening the local institutions;
carrying out a programme of agricultural training,
education and field show; and ensuring tight donor
To establish 10,000 acres of cultivable Boliland and
Batilands for increased rice production in the zones
of growth in by 2010 with successive doubling of the
production area each year up to 2018 as a means of
overcoming the problem of food insecurity even among
the vulnerable groups of the country’s population.
Providing enough food for the community to eat and
sell, and that no one goes to bed without food in our
areas of operation.
To utilize properly the land resources potential of
the zones of growth by creating maximum coverage of
increased food production in the targeted communities.
(farmers cooperate marketing)
To build partnerships and local linkages among target
community for their participation and adoption of
“standards of excellence” in the production mechanisms
and the changing needs for community development
To promote self-assisted, self-reliant development in
the partnership both locally and internationally in
order to derive benefits from the project for
sustainable food self-sufficiency and improvement of
rural health facilities, education, road construction,
rural energy and water supplies.
IMPLEMENTION AND COORDINATION
a) LIFE SPAN: The project will last for an
initial period of 10 years, cultivating 10,000 acres
each year with a possibility of second phase.
b) IMPLEMENTING AGENCY: The project will be
implemented and managed by Rehoboth Foundation. SLAO
and a group of partners including the Food Security
Initiative of the Ministry of Agricultural and Food
Security (MAFS), the Paramount Chiefs Initiative for
Food Security in Bo Moyamba and Pujehun Districts,
the Fawundu Foundation for South-eastern
Agricultural Development and other private partners.
c) EXECUTING UNIT: The overall coordination
of the project will be responsibility of the senior
management set up and employed by the implementing
agency. Top management positions include the General
Manager, Assistant Manager and Technical Adviser.
While initial cultivable areas of 10,000 acres in
2010 will be divided into four blocks for 4
supervisors, there will be 40 permanent labour
force, (10 per block) for the operational period and
additional 40 casual labour (10 per block) for
seasonal labour activities in the farm.
The above capacity arrangements and sustainability
perspectives will go a long way to enhancing the
fruitful visions of the project in the following manner:
Promotion of community participation to ensure food
security at the individual, household and community
Timely and massive procurement of inputs for the
Provision of logistic support (mobility, incentive,
etc.) for the frontline management staff, the
supervising personnel and the labour force
Sponsoring of field days/demonstration/field visits
Central marketing for produce of farmers, this process
will encourage quick disposals of crops at competitive
Land for this project already donated
PROJECT LOG FRAME
increased food production and make easy its access
and timely availability to poor people in a
sustainable manner to reduce poverty.
in the number of participating farmers through
permanent and casual employment facilities.
Increase in accessibility of grain rice as staple
food of Sierra Leoneans.
in agricultural production.
Increase in accessibility of grain rice as
staple food of Sierra Leoneans.
Reports and survey
from project areas.
to participate in the program
Availability of production inputs.
procurement of production inputs.
Provision of appropriate logistic to supervising
demonstrate proven crop production technologies
with the appropriate target participating
Increase in number of beneficiaries accepting
and adopting the technologies.
Increase in the usage of production inputs.
Increase in income of the farming communities of
the project area.
in willingness of expansion of the productive
Annual/quarterly reports in project areas
Project annual report.
External assessment report.
purchasing power and living standard of
Willingness of the Donor community (local and
external NGOs) to support the agricultural
Political stability and peace.
Remunerative output prices for target community.
Project Component Output
1. Promote and popularize Agricultural
Intensification through Boliland and Batiland
Mechanical Rice Cultivation in the Rice Bowls of
Number of technology
packages to be generated for large scale
Number of zones of
Number of local
community employed and trained to acquire
Number of field
days, workshop and tours conducted.
technological adoption promoted.
Quantity and type of
improved seeds multiplied and cultivable land
Number of soil
conservation demonstrations set up.
Number of target
community trained in conservation tillage
Number of meetings
held with policy makers and international agencies
Constraints analysis and resolution
Crop assessment report.
Project Food Security annual report.
External evaluation reports.
Production input linkages is strong and
Positive response to technology skill training by
the target community.
2. Community Support for Increased
Rice Production, Processing and Marketing
Number of village
Number of community
trained in agricultural input handling and
Number of farmers’
groups linked to market sources.
Number of drudgery
reduction technologies introduced.
Number of farmers’
Number of farmers
self-assisted community development initiatives
Sales records for
Community road and
health network developed
competitive and efficient
to pay and participate in community development
3. Capacity Building
Number of trainings
participants in the trainings mobilized.
beneficiaries in University training.
Amount of logistical
support provided to project staff and target
Number of exchange
visits by farmer groups.
Project Food Security
Commitment of the part of
stakeholders and beneficiaries involved in the
planning and implementation of training.
4. Project Management
implementation plan prepared.
procurement and financial management procedure.
Periodic trips for
Donor community and
local institution meetings organized.
Project Food Security
Competency at Government and
District Council levels.